Types of Cardiac Surgery

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

Cardiac bypass surgery may also be called “coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)” or “aortocoronary bypass (ACB)” surgery. All of these names mean the same thing. Grafting simply means “to join”. This is the most common type of open-heart surgery. The goal of this surgery is to restore blood flow to the heart muscle, improving the delivery of oxygen and nutrients. This should stop the chest pain (angina) that the person experiences.

For more information, please see the Heart Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Their Loved Ones

Watch a video of this procedure.

 

Valve Replacement

This is surgery to replace a damaged heart valve. The heart’s four valves open and tightly close. The valves make it so that blood can only flow forward when the heart squeezes. One or more valves can be replaced during surgery. The surgeon will discuss with you and your loved ones the use of a tissue valve (called bio-prosthetic) or a mechanical heart valve.

For more information, please see the Heart Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Their Loved Ones

Valve Repair

This surgery is to repair a damaged heart valve. The heart’s four valves open and tightly close. The valves make it so that blood can only flow forward when the heart squeezes. Usually, only one valve is repaired at a time. However, at times, one or more valves may need to be repaired.

For more information, please see the Heart Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Their Loved Ones

 

Aortic Aneurysm Repair

The aorta is the largest artery in the body. It begins at the heart and runs through the chest and abdomen. Sometimes the walls of the aorta weaken and bulge in one area. An aortic repair is a surgery to create support for the weakened area.

For more information, please see the Heart Surgery:  A Guide for Patients and Their Loved Ones