Below, you’ll find information regarding different types of cardiac surgery, including video animations of different procedures.
For more information, you can also access our patient booklet, Heart Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Their Loved Ones, by clicking here.
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Cardiac bypass surgery may also be called “coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)” or “aortocoronary bypass (ACB)” surgery. All of these names mean the same thing. Grafting simply means “to join”.
This is the most common type of open-heart surgery. The goal of this surgery is to restore blood flow to the heart muscle, improving the delivery of oxygen and nutrients. This should stop the chest pain (angina) that the person experiences.
This is surgery to replace a damaged heart valve. The heart’s four valves open and tightly close. The valves make it so that blood can only flow forward when the heart squeezes. One or more valves can be replaced during surgery.
The surgeon will discuss with you and your loved ones the use of a tissue valve (called bio-prosthetic) or a mechanical heart valve.
This surgery is to repair a damaged heart valve. The heart’s four valves open and tightly close. The valves make it so that blood can only flow forward when the heart squeezes. Usually, only one valve is repaired at a time. However, at times, one or more valves may need to be repaired.
Aortic Aneurysm Repair
The aorta is the largest artery in the body. It begins at the heart and runs through the chest and abdomen. Sometimes the walls of the aorta weaken and bulge in one area.
An aortic repair is a surgery to create support for the weakened area.